20 Best Resources for English Teachers

Teaching English can be a lot of fun! Even as a native speaker, though, there may be times when you are unsure of your knowledge and understanding of the language. It is sometimes difficult to elaborate on what we know, especially if there are some technical and minor grammar rules with which we may be unfamiliar. This is especially true for those who teach ESL, as ESL students will commonly compare English grammar to their own native languages. Therefore, it is helpful to have guides and sources of plans and strategies to further develop your own knowledge and skills. On this list, we have identified 20 of the best resources for English teachers.

Resources range from websites to publications. You may already be familiar with some items on the list, but we’re willing to bet there are some new resources here that will greatly benefit you. For the reason stated above, several of these resources are geared and designed with the ESL teacher and students in mind. However, many of these resources will be useful for new English teachers who want to learn more strategies and techniques.

1. Goodreads

To start off our list, we chose Goodreads. This website is an excellent resource for finding book recommendation for a class. The website allows users to organize the books into different, user-customizable “shelves,” allowing for quick reference at a later time.

2. UsingEnglish

For ESL teachers, UsingEnglish is an excellent resource for your class. It contains an extensive collection of materials, ranging from grammar rules, language tests, and idiomatic expressions for students, to handouts and lesson plans for teachers.

3. Grammarly

Full disclosure, I am a Grammarly affiliate, but I cannot live without this tool and I think it is a great resource for students and teachers alike. They even have a program called Grammarly@edu for teachers. I use the free for Chrome plugin and it is so much better than the built-in Chrome spell-checker. Every time I write a blog article, Grammarly scours my post to find any issues with my spelling or grammar. They even offer plugins for Microsoft Office so you can use the power of the tool from within Windows! I have never paid for the Premium version and enjoy the benefits of the free version all the same.

4. Purdue OWL

Purdue OWL is also a great resource for English teachers who want to improve their knowledge of writing styles, grammar, and proper citations. It primarily acts as a reference guide for using various styles, such as MLA, APA, and Chicago. Handouts and online practices are available, as well.

5. Kahoot

Kahoot makes it easy to construct exciting trivia quizzes and learning games in a matter of minutes. In this platform, you can create topic-specific questions that are tailored to your class and its needs. There are also learning games available for tablets and smartphones. Kahoot is an easy way for English teachers to integrate technology into their teaching.

6. FluentU

FluentU contains thousands of videos, ranging from movie trailers and music videos to inspiring talks. It includes an integrated dictionary that provides definitions, audio, and images, which help explain difficult concepts found within the videos. The website also provides an immersive experience with video quizzes, assignments, and much more. This site is especially interesting, in that it has materials for a wide range of languages.

7. American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL)

As I mentioned earlier, this list is not only comprised of websites. Some of these are publications where you could find the latest journals about current trends in teaching English. For example, the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL) offers pointers for aligning your curriculum to national standards. It is an excellent way to stay abreast of the latest guidelines and philosophies for teaching English.

8. Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition (CARLA)

Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition (CARLA) is another publication site where teachers can purchase PDFs and books. These resources contain the latest topics in language education. While these are not resources that can directly aid you in your teaching, they are certainly resources that can aid in your professional development.

9. Scholastic Teachables

Scholastic has great resources for teachers who want to make teaching a lot easier and more engaging. With ready-to-go lesson plans and reproducible materials, Scholastic Teachables does just that. It’s handy and exhaustive list of resources, organized by all manner of categories (such as topic, themes, or grade levels), can save you hours of time preparing your lessons.

10. Book Wizard

With Scholastic’s Book Wizard, your students can discover books specifically meeting their reading level. Users can also filter the levels according to Guided Reading, DRA levels, Grade Equivalents, and Lexile measures. Book Wizard is an excellent way to select books that individual students can read themselves at their own pace.

11. The Literacy Shed

For those who are looking for excellent visual materials, we recommend The Literacy Shed. The Literacy Shed is home to a rich number of video clips, ideal for students who learn better by watching. The videos are organized by topic, and there are over thirty topics from which to choose. Aside from these resources, the site also provides lessons to aid in reading and comprehension.

12. EnglishGrammar.org

EnglishGrammar.Org is another excellent website for those who want to devote their time to helping students improve their grammar. The website provides grammar lessons, rules, and exercises. This is an excellent way to help students improve their writing skills and oral communications. Everything is covered for everyone, regardless of the level of difficulty.

13. Common Sense Media

Common Sense Media helps teachers navigate the world of technology by providing reviews to help you find the right app, website, or game. The site also contains lots of tricks and tips to improve your teaching, Fas well as advice and reviews for new educational technology tools.

14. Pink Monkey

We have also included Pink Monkey as one of the best resources for English teachers. There are a lot of reasons why. Primarily, it offers a large compilation of free online literature summaries. In addition, there are over 460 study guides and book notes with which you can elaborate on your lessons.

15. BrightHub

This is a great site for ESL teachers. The site discusses how to teach and learn the language, providing lesson plans, how-to guides, and activities to further improve your teaching approach.

16. Crash Course

Crash Course is the brainchild of brothers John and Hank Green. It is a YouTube channel devoted to teaching concepts ranging from math to literature. John typically handles the literature and English component, offering engaging explanations of various pieces of literature. Combined with remarkable animation, his witty overviews offer memorable English lessons.

17. English Grammar Online

English Grammar Online is another website that focuses on teaching English as a foreign language. This site offers exercises, tests, and other activities, all aimed to help the ESL teacher teach and test effectively.

18. ESLpartyland.com

ESLpartyland.com provides English teachers, especially those who teach ESL students, with some engaging materials to further motivate the students to learn the language better. These include films, videos, music, and other engaging activities.

19. Busy Teacher

With Busy Teacher, you have access to a database of more than 17,300 free printable worksheets and lesson plans. Whether your student is still a beginner or already advanced, Busy Teacher can help you save several hours of preparation. Aside from providing resources essential in class, Busy Teacher also provides professional development articles to help you grow as a teacher.

20. Turnitin

To complete our list, we included Turnitin. This resource allows you to interact online with your students’ papers. Fully compatible with Blackboard, Canvas, Noodle, and other education platforms, Turnitin offers comprehensive grammar discussions, grading rubrics, and even plagiarism checks. It provides a great place for your students to learn and study writing from the first draft to its final submission.

Wrapping Up

In all honesty, there are really more than just 20 excellent resources for English teachers. It all comes down to your needs and preferences. Regardless, there are enough options here to allow any teacher, regardless of needs, to find the resources he or she needs to become a better, more well-rounded English teacher. In fact, we hope this list helps you become a great English teacher!

How to Capitalize Email Subjects Properly

Whether you’re sending emails for work or personal, you want to make sure that you are using the correct title capitalization rules for email subjects. You don’t want to send an email to an important client only to realize you made a capitalization mistake in the email subject line.

Indeed, subject lines are sometimes deemed as minor details in an email since the content of the email is more important. However, most people still regard subject lines as important because it is the first impression anyone gets from your email and often can be the reason someone opens your email. For instance, a good subject line could help you earn a possible employer’s attention when you are trying to apply for a job while a poorly written subject line could be why your email marketing funnel is failing.

Even the slightest mistake in your email subject could completely derail the tone of your email. When you made a slight mistake in the capitalization of your subject, you might have already missed the mark and the receiver of the email may completely disregard the rest of your email.

By learning the best email subject capitalization techniques, you will be able to stand out from the rest of the emails crowding inboxes these days. You will be able to communicate with other people more efficiently. In this article, we are going to share to you what you need to know about email subject capitalization. We are also going to provide you several examples so that you could differentiate a good subject line from a bad subject line.

Using Sentence Case in Email Subject Lines

In every email, it is important to have a subject line which is easy to read and understand. Capitalizing your email subject lines in sentence case makes them easier to read since the words are easier to distinguish.

Hence, capitalizing every word on your subject is really not a good practice. Some people think that subject lines are like titles where most of the content words should be capitalized. Remember, this is not an essay. Treat your subject line as if it is the first sentence of your email. Take a look at the example below.

Good: This is a good subject line
Bad: This Is A Bad Subject Line

Like any other sentence, you should capitalize the first word of your subject line. Keep in mind that proper nouns should also be capitalized. It’s a universal convention and emails are no exception to this rule.

Why is capitalizing your subject line like a sentence important? The reason is very simple. By doing so, you appear more casual and approachable towards the person you are sending the email to. In addition to this, the style is easiest to remember since you only have to capitalize the first letter. You won’t need to be reviewing your capitalization rules time and again.

Using Title Case in Email Subject Lines

As we have mentioned before, using sentence case in email subjects is a good practice since it sounds more casual. But there are some situations which call for using title case in subject lines. The use of title case is a less common email subject capitalization technique, but it works in many subject lines especially in the business world since it looks more professional.

To be able to use the title case correctly, you must capitalize the following words in accordance with the APA, MLA, or Chicago style:

  1. Nouns
  2. Pronouns
  3. Verbs
  4. Adjectives
  5. Adverbs

Aside from the words we have enumerated above, you should also capitalize the first word and any word that is more than three letters wrong.

If these rules are too complicated to remember, you can always use a free title capitalization tool like ours.

The use of title case would make your subject lines more formal and polished. However, you should make sure that your subject line is not too long or else it would be too overwhelming.

Avoid Using All Caps

In written text, it is a universal fact that using all caps would seem like you are yelling. It is really different when you are typing in sentence case like this. IT IS ALSO DIFFERENT WHEN YOU ARE TYPING LIKE THIS. It’s as if you are screaming from the other side of the internet.

This is indeed a wrong option, and we do not recommend that you do so. It is a risky move because using all caps in your subject lines will trigger spam filters. Capitalizing even just a word in your subject line could increase the chance that your email would be sent straight to the spam bin.

Good: Tips to make your picture better

Looking at the example alone, we could safely say that all caps are bad for your email. Just don’t.

Avoid Using Weird Caps

Weird caps tend to grab someone’s attention, but it comes across as a joke to most people. iMaGiNe gEttInG to rEaD sUbJeCt LiNeS liKe tHiS. It is a very immature thing to do. Most people – if not all – would also treat it as spam and remove it immediately. Should your message be important, people will not be able to read what you want them to read.

Keep in mind that weird caps are distracting and should not be used at all.

Wrapping Up

So which is the best email subject capitalization technique to use? While title case is generally more professional, we recommend using sentence case for most email communications since it will allow you to connect better with the recipient.

How to Capitalize in Microsoft Office Products – Word, Powerpoint, Excel

Did you know you didn’t need to rely on our title capitalization tool if you use Microsoft Word? Microsoft Word has some basic title capitalization tools that you can use in a pinch if your text is in all caps or has generally messed-up capitalization.

Convert Case in Microsoft Word

Converting case is really simple in Microsoft Word. If you go to the ribbon option under “Home” for “Change Case” (also found with shortcut ALT+H+7) you’ll find the following options:

  • Sentence case: Only the first letter of each sentence is capitalized in sentence case.
  • lowercase: Self-explanatory, but this option lowercases all of the letters.
  • UPPERCASE: Also self-explanatory, but all the letters are uppercased.
  • Capitalize Each Word: This style is also known as title case or First Letter and is the most common capitalization method for titles and headlines.
  • tOGGLE cASE: This style will reverse the case of every letter in the selected text. For example, “tHIs IS PoORLy CAPitaLIZED” will change to “ThiS is pOorlY capITAlized”.

Microsoft Word - Uppercase all caps capitalizationTo actually capitalize words using these options, you just select the text you want the rules to apply to and then select case you want to convert to from the menu (or use the shortcut).

Convert Case in Microsoft PowerPoint

PowerPoint has the same capitalization options as Microsoft Word located under the ribbon option “Home” and then “Change Case” (also found with shortcut ALT+H+7). This will make sure all your slide headers use the same capitalization rules.

Microsoft Powerpoint - capitalization


Convert Case in Microsoft Excel

Excel is different from the above two Microsoft products because it is a spreadsheet tool based mostly on formulas and data. However, there are formulas built into Excel that allow for some basic title capitalization.

Converting text to uppercase in Excel

Excel has a built-in formula for converting text to uppercase. It’s simply called “UPPER”.


The formula works by converting a string (or cell reference) between the parentheses to uppercase. You can see how this formula is used in the following screenshot:

Excel uppercase formula

Converting text to lowercase in Excel

Excel has a built-in formula for converting text to lowercase. It’s simply called “LOWER”.


The formula works by converting a string (or cell reference) between the parentheses to lowercase. You can see how this formula is used in the following screenshot:

Excel lowercase formula

Converting text to title case in Excel

Excel has a built-in formula for converting text to title case. It’s simply called “PROPER”.


The formula works by converting a string (or cell reference) between the parentheses to title case. You can see how this formula is used in the following screenshot:

Excel proper case formula - title case



Overall, Microsoft Office has some great tools for capitalizing titles and text. While they don’t offer checks against the latest style guides, they work pretty well. Go ahead, try using the built-in Microsoft Office capitalization tools!

How to Check Word Count in Microsoft Word

Whether you’ve written yourself a daily writing goal, are cramming word count for a final essay, or are just curious how long your novel is so far, calculating how many words you have written is a fairly common task. There are many ways to get an accurate word count including counting each word by hand, using an online word counter tool, or the easiest way of all…right in your word processor! That’s right, Microsoft Word (and Google Docs) have built-in word counters. Today we’ll walk you through how to use Microsoft Word’s word count tool.

Count Words as You Type in Microsoft Word

The simplest way to use the word counter in Microsoft Word is to just type your text and then look at the bottom left corner. Next to the page count, you should see your word count as you can see in the screenshot below:

Microsoft Word - word counter

If you’re unable to see the word count, you may need to right-click on the bottom left bar and select it:

Microsoft Word - word counter selection

If you want more details about your document, such as character or paragraph counts,  you can click on the word count and a new pop-up will display with these details:

Microsoft Word - word counter details


Getting Word Count Through the Ribbon

Another way you can get word count is through the Microsoft Office ribbon at the top of Microsoft Word. If you click on the “Review” tab, you’ll see “Word Count” right next to “Spelling & Grammar” and “Thesaurus.” This will open the same details pop-up as above.

Microsoft Word - word counter ribbon

Microsoft Word - word counter details

Count Words in a Selection

If you only want the amount of words in a certain selection of text, you can simply highlight that text and the word counter at the bottom will update to show only the word count in that selection:

Microsoft Word - word counter selection of text

Additionally, the details pop-up will also show the new selection data:

Microsoft Word - word counter selection of text details



Hopefully, this guide gave you a quick overview of how to do a word count in Word. If you won’t feel like copying your text into Word everytime you want to count the number of words, you can always use an online tool. We have a word counter tool and we’ve also built simple word counting into our title capitalization tool.

Grammarly: A writer’s best friend – Grammarly Review 2019

Grammarly is our favorite grammar checker here at Capitalize My Title. We use the Chrome plugin all the time when we’re writing on this blog and writing emails so we wanted to share a little bit about why we love Grammarly so much. First, let’s talk a little bit about what Grammarly is.

What is Grammarly?

Grammarly is a free online grammar checker that lets you proofread articles, essays, emails, book chapters, and more for common grammar and spelling mistakes as well as typos. You can either write directly in their editor or upload documents you have written. There’s even a Google Chrome plugin that will edit documents and blog posts created outside of the Grammarly website. I used the plugin to edit this post! Hopefully this Grammarly review will convince you that Grammarly is an amazing tool.

They also offer a premium service that will uncover deeper grammatical issues and plagiarism detection.

I think you’ll agree with me when I say typos and grammar mistakes are embarrassing. Grammarly takes the guesswork out of proofreading.


Grammarly has a number of unique features that make it the best grammar checker on the market:

  • Grammar checking: It has a highly effective grammar checking feature that can greatly benefit writers and bloggers. It has very high accuracy which was quite surprising coming from an automated tool.
  • Integrates seamlessly with Google Chrome: One of the best features of Grammarly is that it works flawlessly with Google Chrome. Simply install the Grammarly Chrome plugin and start letting Grammarly correct your writing across the internet.
  • Proofreading: It can be used to proofread business cover letters and academic papers. It can also be used to edit a novel or a casual email. Proofreading comes free with Grammarly unlike other proofreading tools which are available in the market.
  • Plagiarism detector: Plagiarism checking is a premium feature of the application. It can successfully check more than eight billion web pages when it is used to make documents. This is good for making data both standard and unique.
  • Suggestions for vocabulary enhancement: The application has an excellent database of vocabulary. It gives suggestions to improve the usage of vocabulary as you type. This feature is useful for people who have the habit of repeating some words when preparing documents.
  • 150 critical spelling and grammar checks: Grammarly has an algorithm that is designed to check for over 150 critical grammar checks on documents. This feature is useful for people who are victims of making many mistakes during writing. Furthermore, it has a user interface that is both responsive and very simple to use. This is because Grammarly executes when the user begins writing and provides results when writing stops.


  • Integrates into Google Chrome so you don’t need to do anything else to get feedback
  • Excellent grammar proofreading with an extensive online knowledgebase
  • Extremely useful for non-English speakers
  • Free version checks for over 100 different grammar rules (Premium does over 400)


  • Grammarly Premium costs $29.95/mo ($11.66/mo for annual plan) which some users may balk at
  • A proofreading is still necessary since Grammarly will not catch every mistake

grammarly discount banner - grammarly review

What Grammarly Checks For

Grammarly checks for three main things: grammar, spelling, and vocabulary.

  • Grammar: Grammarly checks your text for over 150 grammar rules (over 250 if you get Premium). It can check everything from subject-verb agreement to article use to modifier placement.
  • Spelling: Spell checkers have been around for a long time, but Grammarly takes spell checking to another level. Their algorithm spots erroneous use of lose/loose, affect/effect, lie/lay, there/their/they’re, and many other commonly confused words.
  • Vocabulary: In addition to the grammar and spell checking, Grammarly will also suggest synonyms that it thinks will make your writing more powerful by analyzing the content as you write.
  • Plagarism: One of Grammarly’s unique features is its ability to automatically check for plagiarism within your work so that you know immediately whether you need to include citations or redo the writing.

Is Grammarly Premium Worth It?

The Grammarly cost for a premium package is $29.95/month (or $11.66/month if you buy the annual package) which offers additional features you can’t find in the free version or the Grammarly Chrome plugin.

The features that are found in the premium version vs the free version can be seen in the table below:

150 critical grammar and spelling checks
250+ additional advanced grammar and spelling checksX
Vocabulary enhancement suggestionsX
Genre-specific writing style checksX
Plagiarism detector that checks more than 8 billion web pagesX

Premium customers have even seen dramatic results over the free version:

  • 99% of students see improved writing grades
  • 76% of customers find writing more enjoyable
  • 85% of customers are stronger writers

Overall, the premium version offers some great features that definitely help people become better writers.

How to Use Grammarly to Check Grammar

Using Grammarly was a breeze. All I did was go to their website and create an account. I also added the Google Chrome plugin when I registered.

Once I had an account, using Grammarly was very natural. The interface is very similar to Google Docs.

When you first log in, you can either create a new document or upload an existing one.


Once you have created a new document you can click on it and be taken to the editor. I used two paragraphs from one of my other sites, Viola Central, as an example:


As you can see from the image above, Grammarly does a great job of capturing the key errors. While it is not 100% (it says my use of the word “viola” might be incorrect and could possibly be “villa”), it certainly works well enough.

The interface is very similar when using the Google Chrome plugin. Grammarly will check for grammar errors and typos while you type, underlining words and phrases it thinks may have issues.

Testing Grammarly

In order to show you how powerful Grammarly’s algorithms are, I have taken a sample poorly written paragraph from an English class website at Penn State University.

According to the PSU website, the paragraph has the circled four errors that were identified by human proofreaders:


Let’s see how Grammarly did:


Wow! Grammarly identified more errors than the human did and actually offered suggestions.

How Does Grammarly Compare with Competitors?

Grammarly vs Ginger

Grammarly’s closest competitor is Ginger Software. Like Grammarly, Ginger offers a Google Chrome and Microsoft Office plugin in addition to the online portal. They are also free. In fact, the offer plenty of options for which devices you can use Ginger on including: Windows app, iOS, Android, Chrome extension, Safari extension.

I personally prefer Grammarly’s online interface over Ginger’s. Grammarly immediately shows you the errors on the right-hand side of the screen whereas Ginger forces you to scroll over the word/phrase.

Ginger's interface requires users to hover over the word
Ginger’s interface requires users to hover over the word


Grammarly vs Hemingway

Hemingway is another app that can be used for checking your writing. However, it does this in a different way than Grammarly. While Grammarly will point out specific grammar issues, Hemingway will focus on the bigger picture of your writing. Hemingway will give you feedback on whether sentences are hard to read and some general stats about your writing, such as how many adverbs you used, but it won’t give you much else. You are on your own to make the corrections it suggests.

We love Hemingway as a writing platform, but cannot recommend it as a good grammar checker.

hemingway app

Other Benefits of Grammarly

Grammarly boasts of providing consumers with a ton benefits including:

  • It has the potential of scanning for up to one hundred and fifty common and even advanced grammar rules. This is very good as it only shows its robustness and how thorough it is
  • It is designed to even check for plagiarism and go the extra mile to create references that it considers the text was lifted from
  • It has free online services i.e. community-driven forum, reference guide and a thesaurus
  • The application is available as a plug-in for Microsoft Word
  • The premium version contextually scans texts for typos and mistakes and proceeds to provide suggestions to improve the writing
  • It has 100% money back guarantee. This means that consumers can have their money reimburse if they are not happy with the product
  • It allows people to utilize either UK or US standards
  • Its features are customizable
  • It can be used for by schools, businesses, and individuals

grammarly discount banner - grammarly review

Final Words

In using Grammarly for the past month, I have come to love this grammar checker. As the example above proved, Grammarly actually performs better than a human proofreader in most cases. However, Grammarly does offer human proofreading in their Premium service at 2 cents per word for 24-hour turnaround. Hopefully this Grammarly review proved why this free grammar checker is amazing. Here’s a quick recap:


  • Integrated within your browser so you don’t need to do anything else to get feedback
  • Excellent grammar proofreading with an extensive online knowledgebase
  • Extremely useful for non-English speakers
  • Free version checks for over 100 different grammar rules (Premium does up to 250)


  • Pro version costs $29.99/mo which some users may balk at
  • A proofreading is still necessary since Grammarly will not catch every mistake

Go ahead, give Grammarly a free try and see if you don’t feel the same as me! I hope this Grammarly review has convinced you.

Resume Capitalization Rules and Guidelines

So you are applying for a job that requires a resume and want to make sure it looks the best it can. A resume encapsulates all of your accomplishments, from your educational attainment to your related experiences. Your resume is the first impression you make on a new employer and so adherence to proper grammar conventions is a must. Your future employer could make the decision between you and another candidate solely based on grammar alone if all other parts of the applications are similar. While there are a lot of grammar rules that go into resumes, today we will focus only on resume capitalization rules.

There are a lot of rules that you should take into consideration when creating resumes. But capitalization rules are one of the most important things to consider since employers often scan a resume in under six seconds to determine whether they should read further. Not only is capitalization one of the first things that your employee might see, but it’s also important to highlight the important parts of your resume such as your previous jobs and education. Hence, capitalization rules are very important so that you can show that you pay attention to details to your future employer. In this article, we will highlight some common resume capitalization rules. Please be mindful of these rules because they could make or break your next job application.

If you want to quickly and easily capitalize parts of your resume, you can use our free title capitalization tool here.

Capitalizing Job Titles

Job titles are one of the most complicated resume capitalization rules. In most cases, people would tend to capitalize on their job titles since these are hard earned titles. However, you shouldn’t necessarily capitalize job titles all of the time. There are instances when you have to capitalize on job titles, but there are also times when you do not. Take a look at some of these resume capitalization rules under job titles.

  1. You should capitalize specific job titles. However, do not capitalize a job title if it is used as a general job description. For instance:

Specific job title: “As the Program Chair of the Department of Management…”

General job title: “I am seeking a position as a program chair…”

2. Capitalize a job title if it precedes the name of the person. For instance:

Chief Executive Officer Mark Thomas.”

Vice President Henry Griffin.”

3. Capitalize a job title if it used as a heading in the resume. For instance:

“Chief Operating Officer (2015-2016)”

“Branch Manager (2010-present)”

4. Do not capitalize a job title when it is used to describe the person. For instance:

“Mark Thomas, the chief executive officer of…”

“the vice president of administration, Henry Griffin…”

5. Do not capitalize on job titles if you place them as part of a summary of jobs.

“In my fifteen years as an employee, I worked as a professional teacher, a college professor, a clinical instructor, and a clinical nurse.”

Capitalizing Work Experience

Usually, you do not capitalize the descriptions of your work experiences. In most situations, you would only state the nature of your previous related work. However, you should note that there are always exemptions to the rule. You should capitalize parts of your work experiences if they include a proper noun – such as product or company names, acronyms or initials. You should also capitalize the first word in the sentence. Let’s see how these resume capitalization rules are applied by studying the example below.

Example: “Developed a new content management system (CMS) for the Seattle Public Library.”

In the prior sentence, “CMS” is capitalized because it is an acronym and “Seattle Public Library” is capitalized because it is a proper noun.

Capitalizing Degree Programs

One of the resume capitalization rules that you should pay special attention to is the capitalization of degree programs. Here are the rules to remember.

1. You should capitalize the name of the degree program if it is a proper noun or refers to a specific subject that you studied. Usually, these proper nouns are languages. For instance:

  • Bachelor of Arts in English
  • Bachelor of Arts in French

2. Do not capitalize on the majors, programs, academic disciplines, and courses of study. For instance:

    • D. in marine biology
    • S. in environmental and natural resources

3. Here’s where it gets a little tricky. You can capitalize on the degree on your resume as long as you list it as your degree. For instance:

    • Harvard University – BA in History, summa cum laude (2010-2014)
    • University of Virginia – BS in Computer Science, cum laude (2015-2019)

4. Capitalize academic degrees only when the full name of the degree is used. For instance:

5. Capitalize the abbreviations of academic degrees. Depending on the style preferred, you may or may not put a period in between these abbreviations. For instance.

    • MA in education
    • D. in environmental sustainability

6. Do not capitalize if the program is used as a general reference. For instance:

    • I have a master’s degree in education major in mathematics.
    • I have a master’s degree in biology, a master’s degree in physics, and a doctorate degree in science education.

Capitalizing Offices and Departments

You have to capitalize the name of the offices or establishments only when you use the official name. For instance:

  1. Department of Arts, Sciences, and Teaching Education
  2. Basic Education Department
  3. Institute of Culinary Arts

You should take note that there are some departments or offices which contain proper nouns. Hence, they should always be capitalized. Be cautious with these resume capitalization rules because some people tend to overlook this.

  1. Timber Lane Elementary School
  2. Seattle Department of Transportation

Other Resume Capitalization Rules

Aside from those which we have mentioned above, there are other resume capitalization rules that you should always remember.

  1. A common convention in any formal writing, the first word of each sentence should be capitalized. Even when writing in bullet points, you should still capitalize on the first word of each point. Even short sentences.
  2. Always capitalize the names of companies. Some of these company names tend to be a little tricky, so you should have ample idea on the correct capitalization. If in doubt, better double check the name online.
  3. Always capitalize proper nouns. Of course, this is a basic rule of English title capitalization.
  4. Never write in all caps. It’s a common rule in all forms of writing. Some consider it as shouting, so you better be careful.


Resume capitalization rules can get a little tricky, especially if you lack the knowledge on which words to capitalize. Therefore, you need to understand these rules very well so you could create the perfect resume to impress your future employer. As they say, practice makes perfect. Keep on practicing as you improve. And also, good luck job hunting!

And remember, if you want to easily capitalize your resume job titles and other headers, try out our free title capitalization tool.

What Is a Preposition?

People use prepositions every day. In spite of their regular use, however, they are often misused and misunderstood, especially by those whose first language is not English. Today, we’re going to learn the basic functions and purposes of prepositions, as well as how to use them (especially in an academic setting).

What is a Preposition?

A preposition’s main purpose is to convey to the reader when and where an object is in relation to something else. It basically links a noun or a pronoun (which serves as the object) to other words within a sentence. A preposition may better express how an action is done, or it may state the movement, position, and possession of an object within the sentence.

We could compare a preposition to adhesive tape: just as tape holds two objects together, a preposition “binds” words together to form a meaningful sentence. We have to give credit to prepositions for being an important part of a sentence. They give meaning to a sentence and help make it more complex and enjoyable to read.

Example 1: The dancer panicked behind the curtains.

If we break the sentence down, we can see that the word behind connects the noun curtains with the verb panicked. The word helps us understand where the dancer panicked.

Example 2: The teacher has qualms concerning the student’s output.

If we study the sentence, we can see that concerning connects the teacher’s qualms with the student’s output. The preposition expresses why the teacher has qualms.

Aside from behind and concerning, there are also other prepositions. Each of these words has its own meaning. Some of the most commonly used prepositions include the following: above, after, along, at, before, below, between, beyond, during, for, in, on, through, toward, and within.

What is a Prepositional Phrase?

When a preposition begins a  group of words that express their own idea, we have a prepositional phrase. A prepositional phrase contains a preposition, the object of the preposition (which includes a noun or a pronoun), and any appropriate modifier of the object. It is important to be able to identify prepositional phrases. This is because the object within the prepositional phrase should not be misidentified as the direct object of the verb.

To further demonstrate what a prepositional phrase is, we have given you a few examples.

 Example 3: My dog jumped over the fence.

In the sentence, the prepositional phrase is over the fence. If we deconstruct the prepositional phrase, we can identify over as the preposition of the sentence, fence as the object of the preposition, and the as the modifier (in this case, a definite article).

 Example 4: We walked to the forest near the mountains.

If we study the sentence, we can actually identify two prepositional phrases here: to the forest and near the mountains. For the first phrase, to is the preposition while the and forest are the object and modifier of the preposition. In the second prepositional phrase, near is the preposition while the and mountains are the object and modifier of the preposition. Where did the subject (we) walk? To the forest. Where was the forest located? Near the mountains.

What is a Particle?

Here is where things go a little tricky. There are some words that look like prepositions, but they are part of a verb. These are called particles.  While they are similar in appearance and often even use a preposition, particles do not really form a relationship between the object and the rest of the sentence. Instead, particles act as either a phrasal verb or an infinitive verb. Let’s look at a few examples..

Example 5: His mother will look after his son while he’s away.

In the example, look after is the phrasal verb. It means to take care of someone. This means that the word after becomes a particle, a portion of the phrasal verb. Since it does not introduce any prepositional phrase, it is not a preposition.

Example 6: She likes to be the butterfly in the play.

In this example, the phrase to be is an infinitive form of a verb. The word to does not introduce a prepositional phrase, so it is not used as a preposition in the sentence.

To illustrate how prepositions and particles differ, let us try to study some more examples.

Example 7: Do not give in to temptation.

Example 8: You look in the bag.

In example 7, the word in was used as a particle. Specifically, it formed the phrasal verb give in, which means to surrender.  In the next example, the term was used as a preposition. It established the relationship between the object (the bag) and the verb (look). Where did you look? In the bag.

Example 9: She bought him flowers to make up for her mistakes.

Example 10: Look up at the sky and appreciate the beauty of the stars.

In example 9, the word up formed the phrasal verb make up, which means to compensate for something. So, it does not really establish a relationship of any sort within the sentence. In the second example, the term up would link the verb (look) to the object (the sky).

Wrapping Up

Prepositions are vital in sentences, because they express how things are done. They give us directions (“Look up at the sky.”), timing (“After the sun goes down, bats come out to catch their breakfast of bugs.”), and introduce direct and indirect objects of verbs (“I’m writing you concerning your recent grant proposal.”)  Because we use them in common language, it is important to be able to understand how to use each of these words appropriately.

Finally, here is a list some of the most common prepositions:


Other words that can act as prepositions:


Capitalizing Religions and Religious Holidays

Understanding religious capitalization rules can be difficult so we’re here to help. Below we’ll break down the rules for the names of religions, holy books, and people who practice a religion.

Do you capitalize religions?

Yes. When referring to religions such as Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Buddhism, etc. you should always capitalize the word since religions are proper nouns. Even when referring to specific sects of a religion such as Catholicism, Protestantism, Orthodox Judaism, and Sunni Islam, you capitalize the names since they are adjectives that refer to the proper noun of the religion.

Do you capitalize holy texts?

You always capitalize the titles of religious texts such as the Holy Bible, the Torah, and the Quran because these are all proper nouns. However, bible can also be used as a regular noun so you can refer to a “fisherman’s bible” in lowercase for example. In general, if you are referring to a specific religious book, you should capitalize it.

One word you don’t capitalize is biblical. Even though it is an adjective that describes a proper noun, it has lost its capitalization over the years. This is because when it is used, it generally isn’t referring the Bible itself. Instead, phrases such as “biblical proportions” refer to a grandness that has a likeness to the Bible, but is no longer exclusive to the holy text. You can see the trend of lowercasing “biblical” over time here.

Do you capitalize the name of people who practice a religion?

Whenever you refer to someone who practices a religion or religious sect since they too are proper nouns or adjectives that describe a proper noun. For example, you should capitalize the following people: Catholic, Jew, Muslim, Buddhist, or Protestant.

Do you capitalize religious holidays?

Yes, you should always capitalize religious holidays since they are proper nouns. When referring to holidays such as Christmas, Easter, Hanukkah, Yom Kippur, Ramadan, or Eid Al-Fitr, you should capitalize the entire word. If you include the word “day” at the end, you should capitalize both the holiday name and “day” since “day” is part of the holiday name in this case.

Want to learn more title capitalization rules? Try out our free title capitalization tool.

12 Best Writing Tools of 2019

We here at Capitalize My Title love writing so we’ve scoured the Internet to find the best writing tools to make our job easier and more efficient. Below you can find our favorite 12 writing tools that we use almost everyday to create great content for you all.

1. Grammarly

Full disclosure, I am a Grammarly affiliate, but I cannot live without this tool. I use the free Chrome plugin and it is so much better than the built-in Chrome spell-checker. Every time I write a blog article, Grammarly scours my post to find any issues with my spelling or grammar. They even offer plugins for Microsoft Office so you can use the power of the tool from within Windows! I have never paid for the Premium version and enjoy the benefits of the free version all the same.

2. Scrivener

If you’re writing a manuscript, Scrivener makes it extremely easy to organize sections of your manuscript so you can quickly add and edit sections as you have inspiration. If you’re considering writing any sort of long document, be it a book, thesis, or dissertation, Scrivener is the writing tool for you. They have a great video describing their product below:

3. Trello

While you can certainly go for a more sophisticated editorial planning tool like CoSchedule, Trello offers amazing planning and organizational capabilities for the price of free. You can create unlimited “Boards” and then create “Lists” with cards for tasks such as content topics. For each of my blogs, I have a list of articles I want to write in a “Backlog” list organized by priority. Then I have a list for “Approved” articles that I want to work on next followed by a “Doing” list where I have the card for the article I’m currently writing. Fiannly I have  “Waiting to Publish” and “Done” lists for articles scheduled to be published or published.

trello writing board

4. Evernote

We love Evernote for taking quick notes on-the-go. They even have a nifty app called Scannable which quickly scans documents that can be saved as PDFs/images or imported right into Evernote for organization purposes. If you’re a student, you can get Evernote Premium for 50% off, but the free version has plenty to offer. You can have as many notebooks as you want in Evernote, but you’re limited to uploading 60MB of content per month with the free version. You can take plenty of notes with this limit, but you won’t be able to upload as many photos or documents.

5. Capitalize My Title

Ok, we may be a bit biased, but even we love our title capitalization tool. We use it and the WordPress plugin all the time when we’re publishing here. Use it to properly capitalize your titles with correct title capitalization rules.

6. Headline Analyzer

Confused about what makes a great title, whether for a book or blog post? CoSchedule’s Headline Analyzer is a free headline analyzer that will give your title a score from 0-100. Great way to see how your title will perform and perfect it before publishing. This article title actually got a 63 so it could definitely be improved.

12 best writing tools - headline analyzer

7. Tomato Timer

If you have trouble staying focused, give Tomato Timer a try. It is a timer based on the Pomodoro method which says that you should focus heads down for 20-25 minutes and then take a short break. Research says that if you know a break is coming, you’ll be more likely to stay focused in the shorter working window.

tomato timer - free writing tools8. Hemingway Editor

While most grammar and spell checkers critique individual words or phrases, Hemingway will focus on the bigger picture of your writing. Hemingway will give you feedback on whether sentences are hard to read and some general stats about your writing, such as how many adverbs you used, but it won’t give you much else. You are on your own to make the corrections it suggests.

9. White Noise Websites

There are a lot of websites out there now that play ambient sounds. Rainy Mood and Hipster Sound are two of our favorites that play rain and cafe sounds respectively. Personally, I prefer sitting in an actual cafe to listening to these websites, but these tools make a great option when I’m stuck at home for a day.

10. Ted Talks for Writers

If you need a bit of inspiration or are feeling stuck with writer’s block, then watch these ten Ted talks. If you don’t feel inspired after watching them, then maybe try generating some new blog title ideas.

11. Draft

Draft is a distraction-free writing app that lets you quickly write documents without any confusing features. Great tool when you don’t feel like writing in Microsoft Word or Google Docs anymore.

12. BuzzSumo

BuzzSumo is a great tool for content marketers in particular because it shows you the top trending topics on the Internet and allows you to easily connect with Influencers. It’s a great writing tool for digital marketers who aren’t quite sure what to write about but want to create content that people will find interesting. When paired with a blog title generator, BuzzSumo can be quite powerful.


Cliche FinderIn his six rules for writing, George Orwell suggested that one should “never use a metaphor, simile, or other figures of speech which you are used to seeing in print.” The Cliche Finder highlights cliches in your text so you can avoid overused expressions in your writing. The Cliche Finder tool will read your text and notify you of any cliches.

Readable: Make sure your writing is readable by humans. Just run your articles or other documents through this website and you’ll get a readability score.

The Most Dangerous Writing App: This is a really interesting concept where you set a timer for writing and if you stop writing for even three seconds, the tool deletes everything you’ve written. Sadistic, but creative.

What Is a Proper Noun?

When reading novels or short stories, you would undoubtedly encounter words which are capitalized in the middle of the sentences. Surely these words would stand out because they would mean something different from the rest of the words. In English, we call these terms as proper nouns. On this article, we are going to discuss what a proper noun is and how it differs from a common noun. In addition to this, we are also going to identify several rules for capitalizing proper nouns.

What is a Proper Noun?

Before we dig in further, let’s first have a quick review of what a noun is. Generally speaking, a noun is a word that is used to determine people, places, or things. It could refer to anything you see, feel, taste, touch, and hear. From the pillows on your bed to the persons you meet every day, the name which you call these things are called nouns.

Now, nouns could be divided into two. One would be a broader term while the other is more definite. A proper noun would refer to a definite name for a specific person, place, object, or an event. This means that that the noun is not generic at all. Because if the noun is already general in nature, it would already be called as a common noun.

We can categorize every noun as common or proper. If we are going to look at the examples below, we can clearly see the distinction between these two kinds of nouns. A proper noun is precise while a common noun is just broad.

Common NounProper Noun
boyGary Wendell John
countryUnited States of America United Arab Emirates Philippines
filmPerks of Being a Wallflower In the Mood for Love Pulp Fiction
cityNew York City London Tokyo
religionChristianity Islam Judaism

If we look at our examples above, we could easily identify the difference between a common noun and a proper noun. This is where the two unique characteristics of a proper noun come in. A proper noun always begins with a capital letter. On the other hand, a common noun begins with a small letter, except when it could be found at the beginning of the sentence. Let’s take a look at the examples. The common noun is the boy, which is in small letter. Its proper noun counterparts are Gary, Wendell, and John. All of these are in capital letters.

The other distinguishing characteristic of a proper noun is that it names specific items. As mentioned above, a proper name is more specific than the common noun. The term, “country,” is generic. When we become more specific with these countries, we could come up with proper nouns such as the United States of America, United Arab Emirates, and the Philippines.

Let us analyze the concepts in the third row. We could see that the term, “film,” starts with a small letter. It is a more general term. The terms in the second column begin with a capital letter. They are more specific counterparts of the common noun. These would include, “Perks of Being a Wallflower,” “In the Mood for Love,” and “Pulp Fiction.”

You could further identify the difference between common nouns and proper nouns by analyzing the fourth and fifth examples.

Rules for Capitalizing Proper Nouns

To ensure proper grammar, you always have to abide by specific rules. While it is true that it is easy to use proper nouns, there are always certain things that you have to consider. Here are just some rules for capitalizing proper nouns.

1. Capitalize First Names

Always capitalize first names. Whether it be your best friend or your worst enemy, their names should always be capitalized. This holds true since all names are proper nouns.

Example: Please take Bonnie, my boss, to the lounge where she will rest for a while.

Note that the name was capitalized while her position – boss – is in small letters.

2. Do Not Capitalize All Letters in a Sentence

Remember, do not capitalize all letters in a formal sentence, especially when they are not proper nouns. By doing so, you could only make reading more difficult if you do so.

Example 1: Please Get the Louis Vuitton Bag Of Dorothy.

Example 2: Please get the Louis Vuitton bag of Dorothy.

The first example seemingly provides emphasis to the sentence, but it is grammatically incorrect. Only capitalize the words which are proper, such as Louis Vuitton and Dorothy.

There are some instances where you could capitalize on the important words in a sentence, but only for titles or subheads. If you take a look at the subheadings of this article, you would be able to see.

3. Capitalizing Names of Books, Films, or Song Titles

If you are describing proper names of book, film, or song titles, do not capitalize everything. Only capitalize the words which are relevant.

Example 1: Me and You and Everyone We Know

Example 2: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

Example 3: Me and Earl and the Dying Girl

We take these words as one when we consider them as titles. Hence, we categorize them as proper nouns. Important words are capitalized, especially if they have a bearing to the story. However, the conjunctions and articles should be in small letters.

4. Capitalizing Family Endearments

When dealing with families, there are rules that you should follow also. If you use the endearment directly, you use it as a proper noun. But if you are not using the endearment as a name, it should not be capitalized.

Example 1: Go fetch Dad his glass of water.

Example 2: Please call your dad to come tomorrow.

On the first example, the speaker could be related to the noun. Hence, it is capitalized. However, the second sentence is only used as an object so it should not be capitalized.

5. Capitalizing Directions

Directions should not be used as a proper noun unless they are a part of a place.

Example 1: Let’s go north and see if the missing dog is there.

Example 2: Have you ever visited North Carolina?


Now you know the rules for capitalizing proper nouns. If you want further help with capitalization, try out our free title capitalization tool.

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