Do you capitalize hyphenated words in a title?

Hyphenated words are complicated and depend on which style you are using.

Using The Chicago Manual of Style:

  1. Always capitalize the first element.
  2. Capitalize any subsequent elements unless they are articles, prepositions, coordinating conjunctions
  3. If the first element is merely a prefix or combining form that could not stand by itself as a word (anti, pre, etc.), do not capitalize the second element unless it is a proper noun or proper adjective.
  4. Capitalize the second element in a hyphenated spelled-out number (twenty-one or twenty-first, etc.) or hyphenated simple fraction (two-thirds in two-thirds majority).


Using APA:

  1. Capitalize the first and second element of a hyphenated phrase


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